I went to my first Korean wedding today and I thought I would post a little about it!
Korean weddings are very short, less than an hour. They are usually held in a wedding hall rather than a church or outdoors, and there’s usually a wedding every hour. (While there was a bride standing waiting to…
한글: 떨어져 있으면 더욱 그립다.
Meaning: Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
한글: 은혜를 원수로 갚지 말라.
Meaning: Don’t bite the hand that feeds you.
한글: 말하기는 쉽고 실천은 어렵다.
Meaning: Easier said than done.
한글: 쉽게 얻은 것은 쉽게 없어진다.
Meaning: Easy come, easy go.
한글: 배움에는 나이가 없다.
Meaning: You’re never too old to learn.
V + 는 거예요 is used to asked what you/”we” will be doing in the immediate future. It’s usually used in a question form!
지금 먹는 거예요? - Are we going to eat now?
다 한거야? - Did you finish it all?
그남자랑 언제 얘기하는거예요? - When are you going to talk with that boy?
언제 가는 거예요? - When are you going to go?
나중에 뭐 하는거야? - What are we going to do later?
- 나무 | Tree
- 나뭇잎, 잎 | Leaf (나뭇잎 is pronounced as: 나문닙)
- 나뭇가지 | Branch (Pronounced as: 나묻까지)
- 꽃 | Flower (Pronounced as: 꼳)
- 선인장 | Cactus (Pronounced as: 서닌장)
- 뿌리 | Root(s)
- 도토리 | Acorn
- 버섯 | Mushroom (Pronounced as: 버섣)
- 소나무 | Pine tree
- 솔잎 | Pine needle(s) (Pronounced as: 솔립)
- 솔방울 | Pine cone
- 갈대 | Reed(s) (Pronounced as: 갈때)
The yangban were part of the traditional ruling class or nobles of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. It consisted of both civilian officials and military officials. The term yangban originated in the Goryo dynasty (935–1392), when civil service examinations were held under the two categories of civilian and military. By the Yi dynasty, the term came to designate the entire landholding class.They comprised the Korean Confucian idea of a “scholarly official.”
Unlike the European and Japanese aristocracy where noble titles were conferred on a hereditary basis, the yangban title was given to those individuals who passed state-sponsored civil service exams called gwageo (과거, 科擧). Upon passing such exams several times, which tested one’s knowledge of the Confucian classics and history, a person was usually assigned to a government post. The yangban family that did not succeed to produce a government official for more than three generations could lose its yangban status and become a commoner. In theory any member of any social class except indentured servants, baekjeongs, and children of concubines could take the government exams and become a yangban. In reality, only the upper classes, i.e., the children of yangban, possessed the financial resources and the wherewithal to pass the exams as years of studying were required to support successful candidates.
As an elite class, the yangban enjoyed many privileges and actively sought to preserve the purity and exclusivity of their group—for instance, through marriage only among members of the yangban class. . Yangbans dominated the Royal Court and military of pre-Modern Korea and often were exempt from various laws including those relating to taxes and military duties.They were permitted to have their slaves serve their own terms of punishment.
In the later years people could even purchase yangban status by paying to procure either lower government posts or jokbo, the noble pedigree. During the twentieth century yangbans suddenly lost their ancient political, social and economic power. The legality of yangban was abolished in 1894 and subsequently their political and administrative role was replaced by Japanese colonial government and its administrators. When South Korea began its new government after the Korean War, yangban were mostly extinct and powerless.
In modern-day Korea, the yangban, as a social class with legal status and landed wealth, no longer exists. Nevertheless, those who are well-connected in Korean society are sometimes said to have “yangban” connections. The word itself is also used, at least in South Korea, as a common reference (sometimes with distinctly negative connotations) to an older, sometimes cantankerous/stubborn man.
- 눈썹 | Eyebrow
- 눈꺼풀 | Eyelid
- 속눈썹 | Eyelash (Pronounced as: 송눈썹)
- 눈 | Eye
- 눈동자 | Pupil (Pronounced as: 눈똥자)
- 홍채 | Iris
- 입술 | Lip (Pronounced as: 입쑬)
- 입 | Mouth
- 혀 | Tongue
- 턱 | Chin
- 이마 | Forehead
- 머리카락 | Hair
- 관자놀이 | Temple (Pronounced as: 관자노리)
- 코 | Nose
- 콧구멍 | Nostril (Pronounced as: 콛꾸멍)
- 귓불 | Ear lobe (Pronounced as: 귇뿔)
- 귀 | Ear
- 뺨 | Cheek
- 얼굴 | Face
The wonsam is a female ceremonial topcoat in hanbok, Korean traditional clothing. It was worn by queens, high-ranking court ladies, and royalty during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (1392-1910). The color and decorations of the garment around the chest, shoulders and back represent the wearer’s rank. For example, the color yellow was used for the wonsam of empresses, red for queens, jajeok (紫赤 magenta) for concubines and princess consorts, and green for princesses and women of the noble yangban class. Commoners were allowed to wear the green wonsam only for their wedding ceremony.
Wonsam was made with silk. It was based on an overcoat with broad sleeves of the Chinese Tang Dynasty. The Chinese clothing system was introduced to Korea when King Munmu, the 30th king of the Silla Kingdom, reformed women’s clothing in 664 AD. As an adaptation from the original model, the wonsam gradually evolved into a distinctive form characteristic of traditional Korean clothing.